As the virus starts spreading through your body, it starts affecting your immune system as well as your internal organs. Ebola virus disease evd is a rare and deadly disease in people and nonhuman primates. It may take up to three days after symptoms start for the virus to reach detectable levels. A randomized, controlled trial of ebola virus disease. Treatment for ebola focuses on offering supportive care so that the patients own immune system can fight off the virus. Ebola is considered a zoonotic virus, meaning that it originated in animals and then spread to humans. Symptoms of ebola virus disease evd are treated as they appear.
As the virus spreads through the body, it damages the immune. The ministry of health and who continue to closely monitor the outbreak of ebola virus disease evd in the democratic republic of the congo. On 27 june 2018, all the people who were exposed to the last confirmed evd casepatient completed their mandatory 21day follow up without developing symptoms. The viruses that cause evd are located mainly in subsaharan africa. The epidemic of ebola haemorrhagic fever now called ebola virus disease ob served in 2014. When used early, basic interventions can significantly improve the chances of survival. Ebola is a rare but deadly virus that causes fever, body aches, and diarrhea, and sometimes bleeding inside and outside the body. Ebola treatment centre etc, following two negative tests on serial laboratory specimens.
Some outbreaks in human history have proven the lethality. Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report. Symptoms the time interval from infection with the virus onset of symptoms is from 2 to 21 days. Ebola virus infection symptoms, diagnosis and treatment bmj. Ebola virus disease evd is associated with haemorrhagic fever in humans and nonhuman primates, with a high rate of fatality up to 90%. Describe main public health concern during an ebola. Pdf in march 2014, the largest ebola outbreak in history exploded across. Symptoms may appear anywhere from 2 to 21 days after contact with the virus, with an average of 8 to 10 days. What is ebola virus, what is the origin of ebola virus, its symptoms, treatment, prevention, cause, and cure. Introduction to ebola disease world health organization. Pdf ebola virus disease, management, and prevention. Ebola virus disease evd, formerly known as ebola hemorrhagic fever, is a. If a person is infected with ebola but until and unless symptoms will. Ebola virus disease evd, formerly known as ebola haemorrhagic fever, is a rare but severe, often fatal illness in humans.
The first evd outbreak was reported in the 1970s in zaire now the democratic. The predominant symptoms of acute ebola infection are severe vomiting and. Ebola virus disease in west africathe first 9 months. From november 20, 2018, to august 9, 2019, a total of 681 patients were enrolled and underwent randomization at ebola treatment centers in beni 335 patients, butembo 243 patients. Ebola virus disease evd outbreaks in congo and who has declared public health emergency. Ebola virus disease outbreak in north kivu and ituri. Distribution of ebola virus disease cases by health zone in equateur province.
You can feel severe body discomfort when you get the infection. Webmd explains the latest info on the rare but deadly disease ebola, including how its spread, symptoms, causes, treatment, and prevention. People can get evd through direct contact with an infected animal bat or nonhuman primate or a sick or dead person infected with ebola virus. This is the ninth ebola virus disease evd outbreak in the. Supportive care and treatment of specific symptoms improves survival 15. Preparing to bury dead people infected with the virus. Providing fluids and electrolytes body salts through infusion into the vein intravenously. While there is distinction between early and late clinical signs of evd, it is. It is a highly contagious virus with a mortality rate which can be as. There is currently no vaccine available for ebola, although several are in development. Ebola virus can be detected in blood after onset of symptoms. Describe signs, symptoms, and transmission of ebola disease. Ebola virus disease evd is a lifethreatening viral disease with a fatality rate ranging from around 30% to 90%. Diagnosis is by detection of viral rna,viral antibodies or the virus itself to confirm the.279 1533 110 913 1367 180 757 120 1462 142 1071 685 1454 782 74 417 1120 566 1112 1273 1535 720 1501 452 239 38 1356 143 960 634 888 421 1429 496 690 847 226 1180 893 882 121 1019